Design a site like this with
Get started

Similarities between Macro Nutrients and Micro Nutrients ๐Ÿ’๐Ÿฅช

By Friend tutor posted on July 10,2020

Hi friends in this blog let us see the major similarities and differences between macro nutrients and micro nutrients

  • Both Macro and Micro Nutrients are required for the proper functioning of the body.
  • Both Nutrients are present in all Fruits,Vegetables and Milk and Meat Products.
  • Both Nutrients boost our immune system.   

Difference between  Macro nutrients and Micro nutrients

Macro NutrientMicro Nutrient
Nutrients that are required  by our body in large  amounts are called  Macro Nutrients   Nutrients that are required  by our body in small amounts are called  Micro Nutrients.   
Macro Nutrients are Carbohydrates, Proteins and Fats.  Micro Nutrients are Vitamins and Minerals.   
Examples: Carbohydrates: Rice, Potatoes, wheat, Chapati etc Proteins: Meat, Eggs, Fish etc. Fats: Butter, Ghee, Milk Dairy Products etc. Examples: Vitamin A : Carrots, Spinach, Sweet Potato Vitamin C: Lemon, Oranges etc. Minerals:  Calcium: Milk and Dairy  products etc. Potassium: Banana, Oranges etc. Iron: Liver of Chicken and Lamb, Dates, etc  

Difference between Macro nutrients

Carbohydrates are made up of simple sugars such  as Glucose.Proteins are made up of Amino acids.   Fats are made up of  Fatty acids and glycerol   
Carbohydrates are sugars which gives instant energy to our body.  Proteins help our body to grow built muscles, blood and skin.  Fats are energy reserves  of our body. They keep our body warm.   
Carbohydrates are also  known as “Energy giving
Proteins are also known  As “Body Building foods”  Fats are also known as “Energy giving foods” “Energy Reservoirs”   
Carbohydrates are soluble in water.   Some Proteins are soluble Some are partially soluble and some are insoluble in water.   Fats are insoluble in water.

Carbohydrate rich foods are Rice, Wheat, Cereals, Potatoes, honey etc.
Protein rich foods are Meat, Fish, Eggs, Nuts etc  Fats are rich in Milk, Butter Cheese, Cream etc.  

Similarities  In Micro Nutrients

  • Vitamins and Minerals are Micro Nutrients.
  • Both are “Protective Foods”
  • Both are needed by our body in small amounts.
  • Both if not taken properly,can lead to deficiency diseases.
  • Deficiency of Vitamin A leads to Night blindness.
  • Deficiency of Iron leads to Anemia.
  • Both are needed for proper functioning.
  • Ex: Calcium is absorbed by our body only when there is sufficient Vitamin D.

Difference between Micro Nutrients

 S.No Vitamins  Minerals 
    1.Vitamins are
Complex Organic
Minerals are Simple
inorganic substances.  
  2.  Vitamins are
easily destroyed
while cooking. 
Minerals are not be
destroyed by heat. 
    3.Vitamin A rich in
carrots,Vitamin C
rich in Citrus Fruits. 
 Essential minerals are
Calcium Iron,Phosphorus,
Potassium etc.

Similarities in Water and Roughage

  1. Both Water and Roughage are required for proper digestion of Food.
  2. Both helps the body to send out waste.
  3. Both prevents Constipation.

Difference between Water and Roughage

   S.No Water   Roughage 
    1.Two third of our body
is made up of water. 
 Roughage also called as “Fiber”.
They are present in all plant groups.
It is part of food that body cannot digest.
     2.Watermelon contain
95%of water. 
Examples of Fiber rich foods
are Cereals,Pulses,
Fruit and Vegetables.  

This marks the end of this session. For more post check out link below. Thanks

For This post To Print

For more post

Food and Nutrients

Food and Nutrients part 2

Food and Nutrients part 3

Food and Nutrients part 4

Food and Nutrients points to remember

Similarities and differences in Food and Nutrients

Food Spoilage

Food Preservation techniques

Infectious Diseases

Terminology and prevention of infectious diseases

Non Infectious diseasesFood and Nutrients


Published by Friendtutor

Hi, this is friendtutor from India. I have created this site for easy access to all children under grade 5 for their learning. Come let's make learning as a fun.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: